At a glance

  • Same-sex relations: legal
  • Legal gender recognition: possible
  • Registration of LGBTIQ organizations: possible
  • Actions related to SOGi at UN: supported IE SOGI in 2016 and 2019



Colombia is a progressive country on LGBTIQ issues; however, there are still barriers to full equality. Same-sex marriage has been legal in Colombia since 2011 and, in 2016, Colombia’s Constitutional Court made it illegal to refuse marriage registration for same-sex couples. Since 2015, same-sex couples have been allowed to adopt and the process for legal gender recognition has been simplified. Columbia has legal protections against discrimination and harassment on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity; however, these legal protections have yet to translate into better investigation and sentencing of perpetrators of hate crime.

Public opinion and treatment of LGBTIQ people varies greatly across Colombia. LGBTIQ people are generally accepted in large cities; however, in areas with strong paramilitary and guerilla groups, LGBTIQ people are vulnerable to violence. Across the country, LGBTIQ people experience harassment, discrimination, and social rejection in private and in public.