At a glance

  • Same-sex relations: legal
  • Legal gender recognition: not possible
  • Registration of LGBTIQ organizations: possible
  • Actions related to SOGI at UN: abstained on voting regarding IE SOGI in 2019



Mozambique has made significant progress in recognition of the human rights of LGBTIQ people, but significant barriers to equality still exist. In 2014, same-sex relations were decriminalized and in 2017, Mozambique’s Courts ruled that LGBTIQ organizations can be legally registered. Discrimination in employment, with explicit mention of grounds of sexual orientation, has been illegal since 2007.

Societal attitudes towards LGBTIQ people are broadly neutral, but at a personal level acceptance of LGBTIQ family or community members is low, leading to ostracization. Despite legal progress, LGBTIQ identities remain stigmatized and LGBTIQ people face discrimination in employment, education, housing, and healthcare. Transgender and gender non-conforming people are particularly vulnerable to discrimination, because there is no process for legal gender recognition in Mozambique.