Uruguay

At a glance

  • Same-sex relations: legal
  • Legal gender recognition: possible
  • Registration of LGBTIQ organizations: possible
  • Actions related to SOGI at UN: supported IE SOGI in 2016 and 2019

 

Overview

Uruguay has a broad range of explicit protections for the human rights of LGBTIQ people, and champions LGBTIQ equality at an international level. In 2013, same-sex marriage was legalized and same-sex couple adoption has been legal since 2019. Uruguay has accessible, legal gender recognition procedures, allows for a third gender option on identity documents, and prohibits unnecessary medical procedures on intersex children and teenagers.

Anti-discrimination legislation explicitly mentions grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity, and Uruguay’s hate crime laws name real or perceived sexual orientation and gender identity as aggravating circumstances. Although conversion therapy is not banned at the legislative level, health professionals are not allowed to engage in SOGI change efforts. LGBTIQ people are largely accepted, however they still experience discrimination, harassment, and social stigmatization. Transgender women, in particular, are vulnerable to assault and discrimination.