If a person is assaulted, brutally treated, or imprisoned because of his/her sexual orientation, we must speak out.
Ban Ki-Moon, UN Secretary-General, 10th December 2010
Today, the world celebrates international day against homophobia (IDAHO).
Why on May 17?
On May 17, 1990, World Health Organization officially recognized that homosexuality is not a mental disease/disorder. In Indonesia, the Health Ministry in 1993, declared that homosexuality is no longer a mental disorder/disease in their Diagnostic Classification on Mental Disorder Guidelines (PPDGJ) III. This decision became a reference for doctors, psychiatrists, and psychologists in Indonesia and all over the world. Then, the 2006 international homosexual and human rights activist conference in Montreal, Canada declared that every 17 May is commemorated as IDAHO.
More than 70 countries still criminalize a person based on his/her sexual orientation and gender identity in their policies. Thus, millions of people are in the verge of detainment, imprisonment, and, in some countries, death penalty. Therefore, the UN Secretary-General and High Commissioner of Human Rights call for decriminalization of homosexuals in every country and ascertain that all countries undertake special measures to protect every individual from violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity for any reason.
Indonesia is still one of those countries whose regional policies (Perda) in several provinces criminalize homosexuals, such as in South Sumatera and West Sumatera in which homosexuals are considered prostitutes and in Law no. 44/2008 on Pornography citing that homosexuality is a deviant sexual behavior.
In addition, there is a lack of security and freedom of assembly for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) to express publicly, for example in the dispersals of ILGA meeting (Surabaya) and human rights training for transgender (Depok) by fanatical religious groups. This condition hinders the rights of LGBT people, because the government cannot protect its own citizens and, in the case of transgender people, the rights to have employment in every sector.
In fact, Indonesia has ratified several international conventions such as:
- International Covenant on Civil Rights and Politics (Law No. 12/2005)
- Covenant on Economy, Social, and Culture (Law No. 11/2005), and
- Covenant on Anti-torture (Law No. 5/1998)
- Convention on CEDAW (Law No. 7/1984) and
- Law No. 39/1999 on Human Rights.
- In addition, there is one document that provides protection, compliance, and appreciation for LGBT people called Yogyakarta Principles. The document was formulated by 29 legal and human rights experts from 25 countries on November 6-9, 2006 in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Therefore, LGBT-concerned organization, comprising of 62 organizations in Indonesia:
- To make sure that the government (legislative and executive bodies) provides protection, compliance, and appreciation to every citizen who has different sexual orientation and gender identity.
- To repeal all local and national policies that criminalize and discriminate individuals based on their sexual orientation and gender identity.
- To ask the Indonesian government to enact Yogyakarta Principles as an official document in reinforcing human rights.
- To ask every individual to cultivate compassion in diversity regardless of sexual orientation and gender identity.
2. Violet Grey-Banda Aceh
3. Kapal Perempuan
4. Perempuan Mahardhika
7. Jurnal Perempuan
10. Gaya Nusantara-Surabaya
11. ASB-Medan, RPUK-Aceh
13. Komunitas Sehati
14. PLU Satu Hati
15. Jar.GWL INA
17. Ardhanary Institute
20. Federasi Apik
21. Kartini Network
26. KOMNAS Perempuan
27. KOMNAS HAM
28. Jala PRT
33. Institut Perempuan
35. PKGS UI
40. LBH Jakarta
43. Solidaritas Perempuan
44. PKBI Jogja
51. LINK Jombang
52. Komunitas Salihara
54. Sahabat Kapas-Solo
55. Miss Mawar-Singkawang
56. Rumpun Tjoet Nyak Dhien
57. Yayasan Kalyanamitra
58. Sinceritas Medan
Hartoyo (Ourvoice General Secretary)
Mobile : ( 081376192516 / 085813437597), Pin BB : 22F465BE
Email : firstname.lastname@example.orgemail@example.com
Published on May 17, 2011 | OutRight Action International an LGBT human rights organization