The shadow report to the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) describes the situation of lesbian, bisexual and transgender women (LBT) in Malta. The report cites existing research data and documented cases of violence against LBT people, lack of recognition of a person’s identity, discrimination in the spheres of education, health services, employment and housing; and the lack of choice and freedom when it comes to marriage and family life. The report provides information about the pertaining issues and suggests recommendations to improve the situation.
This shadow report is submitted by the Malta Gay Rights Movement (MGRM) in the framework of the CEDAW Articles, as an independent information and commentary. It aims to draw the attention of the CEDAW Committee to human rights concerns affecting lesbian, bisexual and transgender (LBT) women in Malta.
This report is largely based on the recently conducted research LGBT Discrimination in Malta (to be published in December 20102) and Inclusion of Transgender Individuals into the Labour Market: a Research Study (2008).
Legal protection for lesbian and bisexual (LB) persons in Malta exists in the areas of employment, through the transposition of the European Union Employment Framework Directive (2000/78/EC). Transitioning transgender persons are covered through the introduction of Chapter 452 Employment and Industrial Relations Act and Chapter 456 Equality for Men and Women Act and through the recast European Union Council Directive 2006/54/EC on the implementation of the principle of equal opportunities and equal treatment of men and women in matters of employment and occupation. Transgender persons who have undergone irreversible gender reassignment surgery may change the indication of sex in official documents, such as identity cards, birth certificates and passports.
Pride marches have been held in Malta for the past 5 years in a peaceful and orderly manner. Representatives from political parties have on occasion also taken part. There is no possibility for same-sex couples in Malta to register or legalise their relationship, and same-sex marriage or partnerships registered in countries that allow such unions are not recognised by the Maltese State.
Research conducted by the Malta Gay Rights Movement illustrates that in recent years discrimination experienced by LBT women remains widespread in a number of areas, such as employment, provision of goods and services, healthcare and education.
Published on October 11, 2010 | OutRight Action International an LGBT human rights organization