Philippines

Revised Penal Code of the Philippines

  • Grave Scandal, Art. 200. The penalties of arresto mayor and public censure shall be imposed upon any person who shall offend against decency or good customs by any highly scandalous conduct not expressly falling within any other article of this Code. (Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines http://www.gov.ph/1930/12/08/act-no-3815-s-1930/)
  • Used as a justification for raids of LGBT establishments, particularly gay male bath houses, and extortion of clients by police. See IGLHRC Shadow Report
  • Clerical or Typographical Error and Change of First Name and Nickname, Republic Act No. 9048, SBN No. 3113, Section 5. No petition for correction of erroneous entry concerning the date of birth or the sex of a person shall be entertained except if the petition is accompanied by the earliest school record or earliest school documents such as, but not limited to, medical records, baptismal certificate and other documents issued by religious authorities; nor shall any entry involving change of gender corrected except if the petition is accompanied by a certification issued by an accredited government physician attesting to the fact that the petitioner has not undergone sex change or sex transplant.(Website of the Senate of the Philippines http://www.senate.gov.ph/lisdata/1272410734!.pdf - Pending in the Senate
  • Article 201. Immoral Doctrines, Obscene Publications and Exhibitions. The penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum period, or a fine ranging from 200 to 2,000 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon: 1. Those who shall publicly expound or proclaim doctrines openly contrary to public morals; 2. The authors of obscene literature, published with their knowledge in any form, and the editors publishing such literature; 3. Those who in theaters, fairs, cinematographs or any other place open to public view, shall exhibit indecent or immoral plays, scenes, acts or shows; and 4. Those who shall sell, give away or exhibit prints, engravings, sculptures or literature which are offensive to morals. (Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines http://www.gov.ph/1930/12/08/act-no-3815-s-1930/ )
  • Article 202. Vagrants and Prostitutes — Penalty. The following are vagrants:
    1. Any person having no apparent means of subsistence, who has the physical ability to work and who neglects to apply himself or herself to some lawful calling;
    2. Any person found loitering about public or semi-public buildings or places or tramping or wandering about the country or the streets without visible means of support;
    3. Any idle or dissolute person who lodges in houses of ill-fame; ruffians or pimps and those who habitually associate with prostitutes;
    4. Any person who, not being included in the provisions of other articles of this Code, shall be found loitering in any inhabited or uninhabited place belonging to another without any lawful or justifiable purpose;
    5. Prostitutes. For the purposes of this article, women who, for money or profit, habitually indulge in sexual intercourse or lascivious conduct, are deemed to be prostitutes. Any person found guilty of any of the offenses covered by this article shall be punished by arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos, and in case of recidivism, by arresto mayor in its medium period to prisión correccional in its minimum period or a fine ranging from 200 to 2,000 pesos, or both, in the discretion of the court. (Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines http://www.gov.ph/1930/12/08/act-no-3815-s-1930/ Visited Feb 6, 2013)

Additional Resources

IGLHRC Shadow Report