The OutRight United Nations Program would like to thank all of our partners for a tremendous 2018!
Thanks to our collaboration with OutRight’s UN Religion Fellows, over the course of the year, OutRight’s UN Program celebrated major advances at the Commission of the Status of Women, we held a historic UN LGBTI Core Group event to honour the International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia, hosted a historic second UN LGBTI Core Group retreat, contributed to Voluntary National Reviews at the High Level Political Forum on the Sustainable Development Goals, and led historic initiatives at the UN General Assembly. We expanded our work into new areas such as Women Peace and Security and the UN General Assembly Sixth Committee, and we continued our work with LGBTI and allied civil society internationally. We ended 2018 with OutRight’s annual UN Advocacy Week followed by our annual conference, OutSummit.
This UN New Yorker edition focuses on OutRight’s UN Advocacy Week and provides updates on the second half of the UN General Assembly Session.
OutRight Advocacy Week Participants gather for a meeting in the Trusteeship Council in UN Headquarters. (Photo Credit: Brad Hamilton)
I. The UN General Assembly Third Committee and Extrajudicial, Summary and Arbitrary Executions
In the previous edition of the UN New Yorker, OutRight’s UN Program explained one of the major resolutions involving sexually orientation and gender identity at the UN. The Resolution on Extrajudicial, Summary and Arbitrary Executions (EJEs) is the only resolution at the UN General Assembly that includes explicit reference to sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI). After months of outreach and advocacy, the EJE resolution was presented to the Third Committee of the General Assembly on November 19-20, and we’re pleased to report that the outcome of the vote was extremely positive with a number of significant results!
As has been the case in previous cycles of the resolution, an attempt to remove the paragraph that includes SOGI was made by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). Alongside SOGI, this paragraph also notes other groups that are particularly vulnerable to extrajudicial violence and killings including refugees, indigenous people, migrants racial, ethnic and linguistic minorities, people living under foreign occupation, human rights defenders, journalists and lawyers.
For the first time this session, several UN member States publicly broke ranks with the OIC on the amendment through a procedural clarification. The OIC amendment was retracted and then reintroduced as an amendment tabled by a number of individual UN member States rather than as the OIC group. This distinction is important as it counters the narrative that there is a regional consensus against these vulnerable groups. The result of the vote called against this amendment was 86 against, 50 in favor, and 25 abstentions, resulting in the retention of the paragraph including language on SOGI and other vulnerable groups. These results revealed a loss of ten votes supporting the historically OIC amendment and a gain of two votes in support of SOGI and other vulnerable groups. The resolution in full was then voted and passed with 110 in favor, 0 Against, and 67 Abstentions.
Final Vote on the amendment attempting to remove SOGI from the EJE Resolution. (Photo credit: UN WebTV)
Final Vote on the EJE Resolution in full in the Third Committee. (Photo credit: UN WebTV)
On December 17th the Resolution came before the full General Assembly and resulted in the following vote:
This is a significant change since the last session when the resolution was considered. We increased numbers in support of the full resolution while also seeing a drop in support for the amendment that attempted to remove SOGI. Considering this resolution is about the most fundamental human rights – the right to life and due process – this is an important victory.
II. The UN General Assembly Sixth Committee and Crimes Against Humanity
OutRight has continued its intensive work on the new draft Crimes Against Humanity (CAH) convention, which is pending with the International Law Commission (ILC) at its final draft stage. While the current draft embraces strong language from the 1998 Rome Statute, including gender as a protected class from persecution, it also adopts an outdated and opaque definition of gender. Before the ILC called for states, international organizations, and others to submit their final commentaries by December 1, 2018, civil society was largely disengaged from this high stakes process.
After participating in a series of expert meetings and consultation on the proposed treaty earlier this year, OutRight launched a major campaign in September. Working with partners from Madre, CUNY School of Law, and Universidad de los Andes, OutRight made a presentation to over 20 UN member State representatives working in the 6th Committee of the UN General Assembly. Participants discussed the proposed sex and gender categories of persecution under the draft treaty and how states could make their own commentaries to the ILC.
On October 26, in partnership with MADRE and CUNY School of Law, OutRight hosted a day-long international civil society convening to discuss the progress of the draft and strategies moving forward. Over 30 LGBTIQ rights experts discussed the gender-related provisions in the draft treaty and how they could be strengthened to protect the LGBTIQ community. After discussing various approaches and how each activist could participate, participants reconvened to deliberate on collaborative next steps.
International civil society gather for the Crimes Against Humanity Treaty Briefing. (Photo credit: Sahar Moazami)
In response to the meeting, human rights, women’s rights and LGBTIQ organizations began mobilizing. By December 1, at least 9 civil society submissions and an open letter initiated by OutRight and Madre with 600 organizational signatures from 103 countries around the world were submitted to the ILC.
Alongside the civil society push, OutRight supported UN member States to submit comments by the deadline. OutRight and partner organizations engaged at least 30 states which resulted in over 16 state submissions to the ILC on the definition of gender. To learn more about the Crimes Against Humanity Treaty and how to stay involved, see the Toolkit for Advocates created by OutRight, MADRE, and CUNY School of Law.
III. Canada and Ecuador Join the UN LGBTI Core Group
On December 6th, the UN LGBTI Core Group held an Advocacy Week event in the Trusteeship Council of UN Headquarters to welcome two new members into the core group. Canada and Ecuador became the 25th and 26th members of the UN LGBTI Core Group, continuing to expand the commitment of UN Member States to LGBTI human rights at the UN in New York. The co-chairs of the Core Group, the Netherlands and Argentina, welcomed Canada and Ecuador with an official acceptance letter and ceremony. Deputy Permanent Representative Louise Blais of Canada and Deputy Permanent Representative Helena del Carmen Yánez Loza delivered remarks to 50 activists from around the globe who were there to witness the historic moment.
Deputy Ambassadors Alejandro Guillermo Verdier of Argentina and Lise Gregoire Van Haaren of the Netherlands welcome Deputy Ambassadors Louise Blais of Canada and Helena del Carmen Yánez Loza of Ecuador formally to the UN LGBTI Core Group (Photo Credit: Brad Hamilton)
IV. The Situation of LGBTI People with International Protection Needs in Northern Central America
On December 13th, the UN Team partnered with the Permanent Missions of Costa Rica, El Salvador and Spain for an event in UN headquarters exploring the circumstances of LGBTI people in Northern Central America. Moderated by OutRight’s Executive Director, Jessica Stern, the event featured Agustín Santos (Ambassador of Spain), Ruben Escalante Hasbun (Ambassadors of El Salvador to the UN), and Rodrigo A. Carazo (Ambassador of Costa Rica to the UN), and representatives from the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and the Spanish agency of international cooperation. The event profiled the violence and discrimination against LGBTI people on the basis of their real or perceived SOGIESC and the way in which these experiences impacts their right to claim asylum. The event also provided a number of key recommendations regarding best practises and potential solutions.
Executive Director, Jessica Stern Moderates a panel on the Situation of LGBTI People with International Protection Needs in Northern Central America at UN headquarters in New York. (Photo Credit: Siri May)
V. OutRight UN Advocacy Week
The flagship program of the OutRight calendar is our annual UN Advocacy Week. Since 2011, OutRight has hosted LGBTI activists and human rights defenders from around the world in New York for a week of meetings with UN member State missions to the UN, UN agencies and civil society organizations engaging at the UN. This year, OutRight received over 890 applications from every region of the world. This year’s participants included 42 activists from 34 countries.
The 2018 OutRight Advocacy Week participants at the annual OUTSUMMIT conference in New York. (Photo Credit: Brad Hamilton)
This year, the program spanned from November 28th to December 8th beginning with trainings on safety and security and an orientation into UN advocacy followed by five days of advocacy meetings with government officials, UN agency representatives and civil society organizations.
OutRight Advocacy Week participants on route to meetings with UN Missions in New York. (Photo Credit: Ging Cristobal)
Over the week, OutRight’s UN Program organized meetings with over 55 UN member States missions, UN agencies and New York-based civil society. These meetings provided activists with the space to speak directly to governments around their national and international concerns, particularly in the light of recent global trends regressing on the protection and promotion of human rights. Activists met with Ambassadors and UN officials from all regions of the world including from UN member States such as South Africa, Brazil, Australia, the Netherlands, Fiji, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Samoa, France, the Philippines, Argentina.
Advocacy Week participants participating in a two day training and orientation course at CUNY School of Law. (Photo credit: OutRight)
|November 19 -21: Last week of the Third Committee|
|December 1-7: OutRight Week of Advocacy|
|OutSummit: CUNY Law School
Long Island City, New York
|Last day of UNGA 73 Formal Session|
Published on December 18, 2018 | OutRight Action International an LGBT human rights organization