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Country Overview

Nicaragua

At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?

Yes

Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?

Yes

Legal Gender Recognition Possible?

No

LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?

Yes

Actions Related to SOGI at the UN:

2016: Opposed IE SOGI

2019:

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Some legal progress has been made in Nicaragua to recognize and protect the human rights of LGBTIQ people. Sexual orientation is recognized as an aggravating circumstance in the commission of a hate crime, and discrimination based on sexual orientation is also explicitly banned. However, implementation of these laws is lacking. Gender identity is not included in either of the aforementioned laws. As such, attacks by public officials and private citizens against trans people are made with impunity. A Family Code passed in 2014 stipulates that marriage can only be established between a man and a woman. Since 2018, a civic opposition movement has developed in Nicaragua against an increasingly authoritarian government. The government has responded with a violent crackdown, and arrested and imprisoned protesters, journalists, and activists, making it difficult for LGBTIQ groups to organize.

 

Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes, and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people on the continent.

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United Nations

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Asia

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.



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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Americas

Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Pacific

Our work in the Pacific aims to increase visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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