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Country Overview


At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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In Paraguay, same-sex sexual activity is legal, but the constitution limits marriage to being between a man and a woman. Hate speech by anti-LGBTIQ politicians is a significant issue, and discrimination against LGBTIQ people is common, including by police. There have been reports of police beating and robbing trans individuals. Murderers of trans women had acted largely with impunity for many years, with an estimate of over 60 trans women murdered since the democratic transition. However, a man was convicted for the murder of a trans woman named Romina Vargas in 2019. Trans people are not allowed to change their legal gender markers, making them especially vulnerable to violence and discrimination. LGBTIQ organizations are active in promoting the rights and social acceptance of LGBTIQ people, and there has been more visibility for the LGBTIQ community in recent years. At the same time, there has also been conservative pushback. Religious fundamentalist groups have perpetuated “pro-family” discourses that exclude people outside of heteronormative family units and perpetuate the idea that LGBTIQ people pose a danger to children. LGBTIQ activists organize annual Pride events, but Pride march participants have been reportedly attacked by counter-protestors without intervention from the police. In 2017, Paraguay banned any content related to “gender theory and/or ideology” in schools. 


Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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