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Country Overview


At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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In its history, Cambodia has never criminalized same-sex sexual activity between adults. Article 45 of the Constitution outlaws same-sex marriage by defining marriage as a union between a husband and wife, and in 2018, authorities interrupted and prohibited a wedding ceremony between two men in the Kratie province. However, in at least 15 out of Cambodia’s 24 provinces, same-sex couples may enter into a civil contract, which asserts their intent to “be together and share responsibility taking care of the family, children, and distribute joint assets, as legal spouses do.” The country’s legislation does not contain any provision outlawing discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression. Cambodia’s national language, Khmer, recognizes a third gender, kteuy, describing a person who has the physical characteristics of one gender but behaves according to the other. However, people are not allowed to change their legal gender markers. LGBTIQ organizations and activists are able to obtain legal status and operate freely in the country. While the country can be seen as more tolerant than some of its neighbors, LGBTIQ individuals still face discrimination and family rejection, and mainstream media outlets have often ridiculed the LGBTIQ community.


Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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Human Rights Research

Since 1990, we have partnered with activists from all over the world to produce hundreds of groundbreaking reports.

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