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Country Overview


At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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Many Indonesians believe that being LGBTIQ or accepting LGBTIQ individuals is against religious norms and societal values. Negative media coverage, stereotypes, homophobic rhetoric, and calls for the criminalization of same-sex relations by religious leaders have exacerbated negative public opinion. Acceptance is slightly higher for transgender individuals, mainly because of the historical social role of the waria people, a third-gender community in Indonesia. Same-sex relations between consensual adults are not criminalized at the national level in Indonesia. However, several provinces, such as Aceh, which operate under Sharia law, criminalize consensual same-sex activity with punishments that include public floggings, imprisonment, hefty fines, and conversion practices. The 2016 National Pornography Act, which is vaguely worded and is open to interpretation, has also been used to target LGBTIQ people. In 2018, a conservative organization submitted a proposal to redefine the current definition of adultery in the penal code to include consensual homosexual relations, but this petition was turned down by the Constitutional Court. The ‘Family Resilience’ bill, introduced in February 2020, defines homosexuality as deviance, requiring LGBTQ people and their families to submit themselves to the authorities for rehabilitation. Since the bill’s proposal, activists have reported an escalation in violence against LGBTIQ people. On December 6, 2022, Indonesia’s parliament passed a new criminal code making consensual sex outside of marriage punishable by up to a year of imprisonment and unmarried couples prohibited from living together. The law disproportionately targets same-sex couples, religious minorities, and women, and also undermines freedom of speech and association.

Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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Human Rights Research

Since 1990, we have partnered with activists from all over the world to produce hundreds of groundbreaking reports.

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