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Country Overview

Viet Nam

At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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In recent years, the Vietnamese government has made some important legal changes for LGBTIQ individuals, like making it legal for transgender people to change their gender markers on official documents. However, this process remains largely inaccessible due to the lack of a comprehensive legal framework for gender transitions. Additionally, the law requires surgical intervention to access legal gender recognition. Viet Nam does not criminalize same-sex sexual activity, but LGBTIQ people still face discrimination and social stigma, as well as family pressure to conform to heteronormative lifestyles. A 2020 report highlighted a high level of verbal harassment and, in certain cases, physical violence faced by LGBTIQ youth in Vietnamese schools, as well as a lack of adequate responses by school administrations. LGBTIQ organizations can operate and work openly on issues related to sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, and sex characteristics, although they face government surveillance, as do other NGOs. In August 2022, the Vietnamese Health Ministry officially stated that same-sex attraction and trans identity are not mental health conditions, in concurrence with global health and human rights standards. Largely due to the efforts of LGBTIQ activists, Vietnamese society has become increasingly supportive of LGBTIQ people in recent years. Pride parades are hosted annually in Viet Nam. 


Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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Human Rights Research

Since 1990, we have partnered with activists from all over the world to produce hundreds of groundbreaking reports.

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