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Country Overview


At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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Although same-sex relations are legal in Azerbaijan, LGBTIQ people have been the targets of concerted government efforts to detain, humiliate, and subject LGBTIQ people to invasive testing, allegedly as part of a government clamp-down on prostitution. Those detained also end up on a registry, making them vulnerable to forced outing and extortion by police officers. LGBTIQ-friendly venues are subject to random raids. Discrimination against LGBTIQ people is common, and no laws prohibit it. Transgender and gender non-conforming people are particularly vulnerable to these abuses, partly because there are no legal gender recognition procedures. Azeri law imposes heavy fines on organizers and participants of unauthorized demonstrations, resulting in the inability of LGBTIQ groups to assemble or raise awareness of LGBTIQ issues. Many people view the LGBTIQ community as a threat to “traditional” Azeri culture and “family values,” contributing to the negative public opinion of LGBTIQ people. LGBTIQ visibility remains low, though it has grown in the last decade. In 2021, Azerbaijan was ranked the lowest out of 175 countries for average social acceptance of LGBTI people between 2017 and 2020.


Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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Human Rights Research

Since 1990, we have partnered with activists from all over the world to produce hundreds of groundbreaking reports.

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