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Country Overview

Bosnia and Herzegovina

At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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The situation of LGBTIQ people in Bosnia and Herzegovina is mixed. While the country has recently passed more progressive laws, the public attitude toward LGBTIQ people is generally conservative. Same-sex relations are legal, and discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity, and sex characteristics is banned. However, there is no legal recognition for the union of same-sex couples, and transgender people must undergo medical intervention to change their legal gender markers. Roughly half of LGBTIQ Bosnians and Herzegovinians report having been subject to discrimination. A study by the Pew Research Center found that over 80% of Bosnian people believe that same-sex sexuality should not be accepted in society. At LGBTIQ events like the Queer Sarajevo Festival of 2008, participants have been harassed and physically attacked. The country’s first Pride event, Sarajevo Pride, was held in 2019 and leading up to the event, there was an increase in anti-LGBTIQ speech on social media, including by politicians. 


Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

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In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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