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Country Overview


At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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Of all of the former Soviet countries, Estonia is considered one of the more liberal countries regarding rights for LGBTIQ people, particularly within the last decade. In Estonia, same-sex couples can register their relationship as a cohabitation agreement, but they may not marry or adopt. Since 2002, transgender people have been able to change their legal gender markers, but this is not based on self-determination. While Estonia has implemented anti-discrimination legislation, discrimination against LGBTIQ people remains a significant issue, and reactions from the police to reports of discrimination are often hostile. At the 2006 Pride event in Tallinn, counter-demonstrators attacked participants, and the police failed to protect the participants’ right to assembly. Estonian politicians have made openly homophobic remarks. Public opinion of LGBTIQ people is mixed, with younger generations generally more accepting. In general, acceptance of LGBTIQ people is increasing; in a 2021 survey, it was found that 53% of Estonians found same-sex sexuality acceptable—a 12% increase from 2019. 


Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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Human Rights Research

Since 1990, we have partnered with activists from all over the world to produce hundreds of groundbreaking reports.

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