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Country Overview


At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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Since the country gained independence from the former USSR block in 1998, Tajikistan’s Criminal Code has not contained any provision outlawing consensual same-sex sexual acts between adults. Although same-sex sexual activity is not criminalized, LGBTIQ individuals still face discrimination from the general public and arbitrary arrests, harassment, and extortion at the hands of the police. Influential religious leaders have spoken out against equal rights for LGBTIQ people. The country does not offer any form of non-discrimination clauses on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity. In 2017, the government reportedly created a special registry of over 300 “proven” LGBT persons in the country. While supposedly aimed at protecting LGBTIQ individuals and stopping the spread of sexually transmissible infections, the registry also puts these individuals at an increased risk of persecution. In 2021, Tajikistan was ranked the second lowest out of 175 countries for average social acceptance of LGBTI people between 2017 and 2020.


Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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