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Country Overview


At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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In Egypt, LGBTIQ people face a wide range of issues, from arbitrary arrest and violence at the hands of police to negative media portrayal and access to limited rights. Egypt’s law prohibiting “debauchery” is widely understood to criminalize consensual same-sex relations and is the source of frequent arrests. In addition, laws against incitement to indecency and “scandalous acts” are routinely used against LGBTIQ people. A surge of activism and visibility after the Arab spring was accompanied by backlash, with the arrests and instances of torture against LGBTIQ people soaring after Abdel Fattah al-Sisi seized power in 2013. The crackdown intensified in 2017, when a number of young people attending a concert in Cairo of Mashrou’ Leila raised a rainbow flag. Authorities detained and even tortured those involved. Additionally, that month alone, over 80 people perceived as LGBTIQ were arrested, at least 20 of whom received prison sentences. The crackdown has continued since. Activist Sarah Hegazi, who held the rainbow flag at the aforementioned concert, fled Egypt after being tortured in prison and died by suicide after seeking asylum in Canada. Egyptian authorities have raided homes targeting LGBTIQ people and used dating apps and online platforms to entrap queer men and transgender people. New anti-civil liberties laws also restrict human rights organizing. 


Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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Human Rights Research

Since 1990, we have partnered with activists from all over the world to produce hundreds of groundbreaking reports.

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