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Country Overview


At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


Actions Related to SOGI at the UN:

2016: Opposed IE SOGI

2019: Opposed IE SOGI

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Egypt’s law prohibiting “debauchery” is widely understood to criminalize consensual same-sex relations and is the source of frequent arrests. In addition, article 269 of the penal code prohibits incitement to indecency, and article 278 criminalizes “scandalous acts,” all of which are routinely used against LGBTIQ people. A small surge of activism and visibility after the Arab spring was accompanied by backlash, with numbers of arrests of LGBTIQ people soaring after Abdel Fattah al-Sisi seized power in 2013. The crackdown widened in 2017, when a number of young people attending a concert in Cairo of Mashrou’ Leila raised a rainbow flag. Photos of this went viral on social media and resulted in a backlash of mass imprisonment, including torture and beating of those detained. That month alone over 80 perceived LGBTIQ people were detained, at least 20 of whom received prison sentences. The crackdown has intensified since, also targeting people portraying anything to do with LGBTIQ people’s lives. Activist Sarah Hegazi, who held the rainbow flag at the aforementioned concert, fled Egypt after being tortured in prison and died by suicide while in exile in Canada. New anti-civil liberties laws, such as limitations on NGO activity, restrict human rights organizing. Egypt’s morality police widely publicize raids targeting LGBTIQ people, and the police have used dating apps and online platforms to entrap queer men and transgender people.

Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes, and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people on the continent.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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Human Rights Research

Since 1990, we have partnered with activists from all over the world to produce hundreds of groundbreaking reports.

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