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Country Overview


At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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Although the law is not consistently enforced, Oman criminalizes same-sex relations with punishments of up to three years in prison, and LGBTIQ people face social and legal challenges. In 2018, Oman enacted a new Penal Code that instituted harsher punishments against LGBTIQ people, including greater penalties for consensual same-sex relations and gender nonconformity. Oman is an absolute monarchy that restricts political and civil liberties and imposes criminal penalties for criticism and dissent, which creates a restrictive environment for LGBTIQ activism. In 2013, there was a public backlash against a newspaper for publishing an article that was deemed to be sympathetic toward gay Omanis. The government has blocked LGBTIQ-related media and internet content. Despite these challenges, Oman is known by some to be one of the more accepting Gulf countries toward LGBTIQ people, particularly if people remain private about their identities. 


Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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