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Country Overview


At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


Actions Related to SOGI at the UN:

2016: Supported IE SOGI


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The Crimes Act of Samoa, passed in 2013, outlaws “sodomy”, and bans anal and oral sex between all individuals, regardless of gender, though the law is rarely enforced. In contrast, Samoans have been protected from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation since 2013, and grounds of real or perceived sexual orientation have been recognizes as aggravating circumstances in the nation's hate crime legislation since 2016. Additionally, Samoa prohibits health professionals from attempting to change a person’s sexual orientation. Despite these protections, LGBTIQ Samoans face discrimination, harassment, and social stigmatization. Politicians regularly use anti-LGBTIQ hate speech and the Censorship Board has sporadically censored movies depicting LGBTIQ people or content. Samoans are more accepting of people with diverse gender identities because Samoa has a traditional third gender community called fa’afafine. Fa’afafine and fa’afatama were assigned male or female at birth, respectively, and embody traits from across the gender spectrum. Despite their historical acceptance, fa’afafine have no path to legal gender recognition.

Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes, and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people on the continent.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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Human Rights Research

Since 1990, we have partnered with activists from all over the world to produce hundreds of groundbreaking reports.

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