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Country Overview


At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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In the last 10 years, Botswana has made significant progress toward LGBTIQ equality, largely thanks to the work of activists and the progressiveness of Botswana’s High Court. Employment discrimination based on sexual orientation was banned in 2010, and in 2014, the High Court ruled that the country’s Civil and National Registration Department had to register the LGBTIQ organization LEGABIBO. In 2017, the High Court recognized a transgender man’s right to change his legal gender markers, and in 2019, the same court overturned the country’s sodomy laws. In response, the government tried to appeal this ruling, but the appeal was rejected by the courts in 2021. In terms of public opinion, one poll suggested that 43% of Botswana would accept having a gay neighbor, and recently, LGBTIQ Botswana have received more social acceptance. However, LGBTIQ Botswana continue to face stigmatization, harassment, violence, and discrimination. Many LGBTIQ people have reportedly been denied access to healthcare services because of their sexual orientation, gender identity, and expression.

Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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Human Rights Research

Since 1990, we have partnered with activists from all over the world to produce hundreds of groundbreaking reports.

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