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Country Overview


At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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Ghana’s Criminal Code bans same-sex relations. Although this law is rarely enforced, its existence legitimizes widespread antipathy towards LGBTIQ people and contributes to harassment and extortion of LGBTIQ individuals at the hands of authorities. Politicians and influential religious figures regularly make public statements disparaging LGBTIQ people, and media coverage of LGBTIQ issues is predominantly negative. In 2021, Parliament introduced an expansive anti-LGBTIQ law which is still under consideration but has contributed to widespread human rights violations against LGBTIQ persons, as documented by Outright. Prominent anti-LGBTIQ organizations, religious leaders and the Bill's provisions espouse the need for mandatory “conversion practices” and intersex genital mutilation, exacerbating the already hostile conditions that LGBTIQ Ghanaians experience. LGBTIQ identities are often seen as immoral and deviant, leading to the regular harassment, discrimination, violence and family rejection of LGBTIQ Ghanaians.


Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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Human Rights Research

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