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Country Overview


At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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Section 73 of the Criminal Code of Zimbabwe outlaws same-sex relations under “sodomy” and “indecent act” clauses. Same-sex marriage is banned by the constitution, and no explicit legal protections exist for LGBTIQ people. The government has carried out a long-lasting campaign against the recognition of LGBTIQ   human rights. This has given law enforcement and government officials the green light, while the Criminal Code has provided legal cover to target, arrest, extort, and harass LGBTIQ people, particularly GBIQ men and transgender women.  Violence and harassment at the hands of private individuals is also an issue. Societal opinion of LGBTIQ people is largely negative, and LGBTIQ issues are highly taboo, with the exception of the younger generation in urban areas. LGBTIQ people are often rejected by their families. The media tends to depict LGBTIQ persons negatively and sensationalize LGBTIQ issues. Politicians regularly use anti-LGBTIQ hate speech, while religious organizations campaign against the recognition of the human rights of LGBTIQ people.

Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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Human Rights Research

Since 1990, we have partnered with activists from all over the world to produce hundreds of groundbreaking reports.

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