At a glance

  • Same-sex relations: legal
  • Legal gender recognition: possible
  • Registration of LGBTIQ organizations: possible
  • Actions related to SOGi at UN: supported IE SOGI in 2016 and 2019



Bolivia has made progress on LGBTIQ issues in the past decade. Bolivia is one of few countries in the world to ban discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender in its Constitution. In 2010, the government criminalized hate crimes on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity and, in 2016, the government created a path for legal gender recognition. Despite this progress, LGBTIQ people in Bolivia are still subjected to harassment, discrimination, and social rejection. Same-sex relationships are not legally recognized and same-sex couple adoption is not possible. There is currently significant pressure from the international community and from Bolivian LGBTIQ organizations to recognize same-sex marriage.

Societal opinion is mixed on LGBTIQ issues. Bolivia remains a relatively conservative country and Christian organizations have consistently opposed efforts towards full LGBTIQ equality. Nonetheless, LGBTIQ Bolivians have experienced greater visibility and acceptance, particularly in large cities.