IE SOGI refers to the UN Independent Expert on protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity
Dominica’s colonial era Penal Code prohibits same-sex relations (known as ‘buggery laws’) and "gross indecency". A challenge against this law was launched in 2019 and is pending. Although these laws do not explicitly mention gender identity or expression, law enforcement officials often conflate gender identity with sexual orientation, and, as such, these laws are also used to target people based on their gender expression or identity.
The Christian Church plays a strong cultural role in Dominica, influencing norms around gender and sexuality. Influential religious and political leaders often use anti-LGBTIQ hate speech. Societal acceptance of LGBTIQ people is low and LGBTIQ issues are taboo. LGBTIQ people are subject to threats, violent attacks, discrimination, harassment, and social stigmatization. Police harassment and violence against LGBTIQ people have also been reported.