At a glance

  • Same-sex relations: legal
  • Legal gender recognition: possible
  • Registration of LGBTIQ organizations: possible
  • Actions related to SOGI at UN: supported IE SOGI in 2016 and 2019



In 2019, Ecuador legalized same-sex marriage, but same-sex couple adoption remains illegal. Legal gender recognition has been possible since 2016. Ecuador is one of four countries to ban “conversion therapy.” Despite a constitutional ban against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, LGBTIQ people suffer discrimination from both private individuals and government officials. Police and prosecutors often fail to investigate hate crimes committed due to the real or perceived sexual orientation and gender identity of the victim.

Societal opinion on LGBTIQ issues is mixed. Ecuador remains a conservative religious country and, in some social groups, there is a culture of toxic masculinity. Some influential religious and political leaders publicly disparage LGBTIQ people as a threat to “family values.” Due to these anti-LGBTIQ beliefs and comments, LGBTIQ people are subject to harassment, discrimination, and social rejection. At the same time, LGBTIQ visibility and acceptance has grown over the last decade, particularly in large cities.