At a glance

  • Same-sex relations: illegal
  • Legal gender recognition: not possible
  • Registration of LGBTIQ organizations: not possible
  • Actions related to SOGI at UN: opposed IE SOGI in 2016



Ethiopia’s Penal Code, Article 629, outlaws both male and female same-sex sexual activity. Although the law is rarely enforced, it contributes to the pervasive anti-LGBTIQ sentiment in the country. LGBTIQ people face social stigmatization, violence, harassment, and discrimination at the hands of government officials and private citizens. Christian and Muslim groups hold significant political and social influence and actively campaign against recognition of the human rights of LGBTIQ people, thus also reinforcing the public’s notion that LGBTIQ identities are a sinful choice.