Haiti

At a glance

Same Sex
Relations
Legal?

YES

Legal Gender
Recognition
Possible?

NO

LGBTI Orgs
Able to
Register?

NO

Actions Related
to SOGI at
the UN

2016: Abstained from voting on IE SOGi

Overview

While same-sex relations are legal in Haiti, societal opinion is pervasively negative. In 2017, the Haitian Senate passed laws banning same-sex marriage and “public demonstrations for homosexuality and proselytizing in favor of such acts.” The laws also allow government officials to deny LGBTIQ Haitians the Certificat de Bonne Vie et Moeurs, which is required by many employers and universities. The Chamber of Deputies has not voted on these laws, so they remain unenforceable, but are indicative of the widespread political and social antipathy towards LGBTIQ people. LGBTIQ people experience harassment, discrimination, violence, and social stigmatization at the hands of authorities and private citizens. Government officials have shut down several LGBTIQ events, while allowing anti-LGBTIQ protest to take place unimpeded. In recent months, persecution of LGBTIQ people by authorities has increased. The Catholic and Protestant Churches play a strong cultural role in Haiti, influencing norms around gender and sexuality. Prominent religious leaders publicly disparage LGBTIQ identities as immoral. After the 2010 earthquake, the influx of conservative religious charities restricted access to aid for LGBTIQ people, thus further marginalizing the community and contributing to societal stigma.