At a glance

  • Same-sex relations: legal
  • Legal gender recognition: possible (in 11/32 states)
  • Registration of LGBTIQ organizations: possible
  • Actions related to SOGI at UN: supported IE SOGI in 2016 and 2019



Mexico has made progress on LGBTIQ issues; however, there are still barriers to full LGBTIQ equality. In 2010, same-sex marriage was legalized in all states but one (which recognizes same-sex marriage established in the rest of the country), and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation was banned. Further protections for LGBTIQ people vary depending upon the state. Several states have adopted laws permitting same-sex couple adoption and the right to legal gender recognition. The social conditions of LGBTIQ people are also variable across the country. In large cities and states with progressive government officials, LGBTIQ people’s human rights are protected and there are legal ramifications for acts of anti-LGBTIQ violence. However, in states with conservative government officials, anti-LGBTIQ hate crimes occur with impunity. The Catholic Church significantly impacts social and cultural norms around gender and sexuality, while several anti-LGBTIQ Catholic groups oppose legislation striving for full equality for LGBTIQ people. Despite these challenges, LGBTIQ Mexicans are experiencing greater and growing acceptance and visibility, particularly in urban centers and among younger generations.