Myanmar

AT A GLANCE

Same Sex
Relations
Legal?

NO

Legal Gender
Recognition
Possible?

NO

LGBTI Orgs
Able to
Register?

NO

Actions Related
to SOGI at
the UN

2019: Abstained from Voting IE SOGI

Overview

Myanmar underwent a process of political reform from 2011-2015. Since then some human rights of LGBTIQ people have been recognized; however, there are still significant barriers to LGBTIQ equality. Article 377 of Myanmar’s Penal Code prohibits “carnal intercourse against the order of nature”, and contributes to widespread antipathy towards LGBTIQ people. The law provides legal coverage for police targeting, harassment and extortion of LGBTIQ people. Transgender people are particularly vulnerable to these human rights violations, due to lack of legal gender recognition procedures. Myanmar remains a conservative country, which emphasizes “traditional” culture and values. As such, societal opinion of LGBTIQ people is generally negative. LGBTIQ people are subject to violence, harassment, discrimination, and social rejection both in public and in private. Additionally, harmful stereotypes and misinformation are perpetuated through inaccurate and negative media portrayals of LGBTIQ people. Despite these barriers, LGBTIQ people have recently experienced greater visibility and growing support around the country.