At a glance

  • Same-sex relations: possible but not legally recognized
  • Legal gender recognition: not possible
  • Registration of LGBTIQ organizations: possible
  • Actions related to SOGI at UN: supported IE SOGI in 2019



Significant progress has been made in the recognition of the human rights of LGBTIQ people in the Philippines, and these issues enjoy broad political support. However, LGBTIQ people still face barriers to full equality. Several cities and provinces in the Philippines have specific laws protecting LGBTIQ people from discrimination. In 2017, the Anti-Discrimination Bill, which would have banned discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity, passed the House of Representatives unanimously; however, in 2019, it did not pass the Senate due to stalling tactics by conservative senators. Senators have already proposed new bills aimed at protecting LGBTIQ people.

Societal tolerance of LGBTIQ people is high, even though some religious leaders publicly denounce same-sex relations as immoral. LGBTIQ representation in the media is accurate and sympathetic, even as LGBTIQ people are underrepresented in political and business leadership positions. Despite pushback from conservative politicians and religious leaders, there are many LGBTIQ organizations which work towards the legalization of same-sex marriage, legal gender recognition, and a nationwide anti-discrimination bill.