Russian Federation

At a glance

  • Same-sex relations: legal
  • Legal gender recognition: possible
  • Registration of LGBTIQ organizations: not possible
  • Actions related to SOGI at UN: opposed IE SOGI in 2016 and 2019



LGBTIQ people in Russia face numerous obstacles, ranging from pervasively negative societal attitudes, to restrictive legislation. In 2013, the notorious federal level law prohibiting the “propaganda of non-traditional sexual relations to minors” was passed. The law bans any communication about the existence of LGBTIQ people, or LGBTIQ issues to children, be that in the media, or online. In effect, it has been used to ban any manifestations by LGBTIQ organizations, shut down LGBTIQ websites, and even target authors of posts on social media. Same-sex couples are prohibited by law to adopt children, and adoption of Russian orphans is banned to countries which allow same-sex marriage. All of these laws have sent a strong and unambiguous signal – that LGBTIQ people are a threat to children.

In 2012 the so-called “foreign agents law” was passed, imposing severe restrictions on any civil society organization receiving foreign funding, disproportionately affecting LGBTIQ organizations.

Core to the modern Russian identity are so-called traditional values. LGBTIQ people have come to embody everything that contradicts them. Societal attitudes are pervasively negative, and filled with misinformation, further perpetrated by rhetoric from the state and a staunchly traditional, and prominent Orthodox Church. LGBTIQ people face widespread violence from private individuals, state actors, and vigilante groups.