Taiwan

AT A GLANCE

Same Sex
Relations
Legal?

YES

Legal Gender
Recognition
Possible?

YES

LGBTI Orgs
Able to
Register?

YES

Actions Related
to SOGI at
the UN

2019: Taiwan not recognized by UN

Overview

LGBTIQ people enjoy widespread legal protections in Taiwan; however some barriers to full equality remain. In 2019, Taiwan became the first country in Asia to allow same-sex marriage, and in 2018, government officials announced that a third gender option on identification documents would be available starting in 2020. Also, in 2018, the Ministry of Health and Welfare effectively banned “conversion therapy” throughout Taiwan, making it only one of five countries to ban the harmful practices. Taiwanese law protects LGBTIQ people from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in employment and education. Historically, LGBTIQ issues and identities were taboo in Taiwan; however, in the past two decades, LGBTIQ people have gained support from the majority of Taiwanese citizens. The media accurately and empathetically discusses LGBTIQ issues and depicts LGBTIQ people. There are many prominent LGBTIQ public figures, although LGBTIQ people are underrepresented in positions of power in politics and business.