Turkmenistan

AT A GLANCE

Same Sex
Relations
Legal?

NO

Legal Gender
Recognition
Possible?

NO

LGBTI Orgs
Able to
Register?

NO

Actions Related
to SOGI at
the UN

2016: Opposed IE SOGI

Overview

Same-sex relations between men continue to be criminalized in Turkmenistan in a Penal Code left over from the Soviet Union. Although this law does not explicitly mention transgender and gender non-conforming individuals, law enforcement officials often conflate gender identity with sexual orientation, and, as such, this law is also used to target transgender women. There have been reports of police physically and verbally attacking GBT individuals. Police and medical personnel subject people who are detained for same-sex relations to forced anal examinations, ostensibly to find evidence of “homosexual conduct.” “Homosexuality” is considered a mental disorder, and punishment may include placement in a psychiatric institution to be “cured.” Societal opinion of the LGBTIQ community is negative. The media depicts the LGBTIQ community negatively and sensationalizes LGBTIQ issues, contributing to the pervasive anti-LGBTIQ sentiment in Turkmenistan. LGBTIQ people face violence, harassment, and discrimination. LGBTIQ people are often rejected by their families. OutRight was not able to find any LGBTIQ organizations, even informal ones, in Turkmenistan.