India's Colonial-Area Ban On Same-Sex Relations Is Repealed


06 September 2018

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India’s Colonial-Area Ban On Same-Sex Relations Is Repealed

(New York) Today the Supreme Court of India made the historic decision to repeal the ban on same-sex relations. The colonial-era Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code made sexual behavior “against the order of nature” illegal and punishable by imprisonment and served as a model for similar laws across the British Colonial Empire.

Jessica Stern, Executive Director, OutRight Action International, comments,

“When you work on LGBTIQ rights at an international level, your work constantly leads you back to colonialism and the penal codes that were imposed globally as instruments of control and domination. The sodomy law that became the model everywhere from Uganda to Singapore to the UK itself premiered in India, becoming the confusing and dehumanizing standard replicated around the world. Today’s decision to strike down the 377 law once and for all is a triumph. It is the culmination of years of community organizing, changing social attitudes, strategic use of the courts, and an LGBITQ movement in India that refused to give up. The decision decriminalizes homosexuality in India and also affirms the rights to privacy and non-discrimination. Today's historic outcome will reverberate across India and the world.”

India decriminalized same-sex relations in July 2009 by the High Court of Delhi after a movement to repeal the article began in the early 1990s. The ruling was overturned by a 2-judge bench of the Supreme Court of India in December 2013, ruling that Section 377 was not unconstitutional.

The new ruling comes after a 5-judge bench reviewed the case, after a petition was filed by a group of LGBTIQ citizens with the claim that the earlier ruling needed to be reconsidered by a larger panel of judges. The petitioners also argued that the article violates one’s right to privacy, a fundamental right that was recognized in a landmark 2017 Supreme Court judgement.

Arundhati Katju and Menaka Guruswamy are two of the lawyers who represented Navtej Johaand and the India Institute of Technology. They filed a 716-page petition arguing that LGBT Indians have a right to determine their sexuality as a component of their privacy, dignity, and equality. Guruswamy also argued the case in court.

Menaka Guruswamy, comments,

“This is a wide-ranging win for LGBT Indians across constitutional rights of equality, dignity, expression and freedom. It is a win for India as a constitutional democracy, and the court with this judgment had told young LGBT Indians that they are not alone. Their court, constitution and country stands with them.”

Arundhati Katju, comments,

“This is a historic win. The Supreme Court has affirmed that the Indian Constitution applies with full force to LGBT Indians. As a unanimous decision passed by all five judges, this will have wide-ranging repercussions in the years to come.”



Every day around the world, LGBTIQ people’s human rights and dignity are abused in ways that shock the conscience. The stories of their struggles and their resilience are astounding, yet remain unknown—or willfully ignored—by those with the power to make change. OutRight Action International, founded in 1990 as the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission, works alongside LGBTIQ people in the Global South, with offices in six countries, to help identify community-focused solutions to promote policy for lasting change. We vigilantly monitor and document human rights abuses to spur action when they occur. We train partners to expose abuses and advocate for themselves. Headquartered in New York City, OutRight is the only global LGBTIQ-specific organization with a permanent presence at the United Nations in New York that advocates for human rights progress for LGBTIQ people.