Panama: Shadow Report to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

This shadow report was prepared by the Panamanian Association of Transgender Persons (APPT) and was submitted for consideration by the CEDAW Committee within the review of Panama's compliance with the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.

IGLHRC sponsored the translation of the report from Spanish into English and the participation of an activist representing the Panamanian Association of Transgender Persons in the CEDAW review session in Geneva, in order to increase the capacity of the local group to present to the Committee the situation of lesbian, bisexual, transsexual, transgender and intersex women in Panama.

The CEDAW shadow report criticizes the lack of laws prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity in Panama. Article 19 of the Panama Constitution prohibits privilege or discrimination based on race, birth, disability, social class, sex, religion or political ideas, but does not include sexual orientation or gender identity. Noting reports of continued discrimination and violence against lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (LBT) people, the report urges the CEDAW committee to recommend that the state enact laws prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. In addition, the report suggests the implementation of state-led programs to protect the social, economic and civil rights of LBT women who are vulnerable to exploitation and discrimination.

The report also recommends that Panama enact laws to protect sex workers, particularly transgender sex workers, from violence and discrimination and work to put in place programs that will ensure that sex workers have access to education, health care and housing.

Download the report in English or in Spanish.