Trinidad and Tobago
At a glance
Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?
Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?
Legal Gender Recognition Possible?
LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?
Actions Related to SOGI at the UN:
2016: Abstained from Voting IE SOGI
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In 2018, the High Court of Justice of Trinidad and Tobago decriminalized same-sex relations. The decision was appealed by the State and a final decision remains outstanding. The then Attorney General stated that there are 27 additional laws on the books that in some way permit discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation including the Cinematograph Act, Sedition Act, Hotel Propiertors Act and Immigration Act which bans “homosexuals” from entering the country. Although this law is not enforced, it contributes to the general antipathy towards LGBTIQ people in Trinidad and Tobago. To date a complete list of these 27 laws has not been released.
There are no laws explicitly protecting LGBTIQ people from discrimination or hate crimes. Notably, Trinidad and Tobago’s anti-discrimination law, the Equal Opportunity Act, explicitly excludes “sexual preference or orientation” as a protected status. Additionally, the Children’s Act excludes consensual same-sex activity between peers from the ‘Romeo Clause’ defence, instead opting to criminalize same-sex experimentation between young people of the same sex. Transgender individuals are particularly vulnerable as there are no legal gender recognition procedures.
Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes, and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people on the continent.
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