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Country Overview

Trinidad and Tobago

At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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In 2018, the High Court of Justice of Trinidad and Tobago decriminalized same-sex relations. The decision was appealed by the State, and a final decision remains outstanding. The then Attorney General stated that there are 27 additional laws on the books that in some way permit discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, including the Cinematograph Act, Sedition Act, Hotel Proprietors Act, and Immigration Act which bans  “homosexuals” from entering the country. Although this law is not enforced, it contributes to the general antipathy toward LGBTIQ people in Trinidad and Tobago. To date, a complete list of these 27 laws has not been released.

There are no laws explicitly protecting LGBTIQ people from discrimination or hate crimes. Notably, Trinidad and Tobago’s anti-discrimination law, the Equal Opportunity Act, explicitly excludes “sexual preference or orientation” as a protected status. Additionally, the Children’s Act excludes consensual same-sex activity between peers from the “Romeo Clause” defense, instead opting to criminalize same-sex experimentation between young people of the same sex. Transgender individuals are particularly vulnerable as there are no legal gender recognition procedures. 


Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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Human Rights Research

Since 1990, we have partnered with activists from all over the world to produce hundreds of groundbreaking reports.

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