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Country Overview


At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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Although equal rights for LGBTIQ people have advanced in recent decades, Italy is one of the least progressive countries on LGBTIQ issues in Western Europe. Although they cannot marry or adopt, same-sex couples may enter into civil unions that provide many of the same benefits as marriage. Italy bans employment discrimination based on sexual orientation, but no other forms of discrimination against LGBTIQ people are forbidden. Discrimination, violence, and bullying are prevalent issues. Transgender people may change their legal gender markers if they obtain a diagnosis of gender dysphoria and court approval. Major political leaders have denounced “gender ideology” and made denigrating comments about the LGBTIQ community. The Catholic Church, which has conservative views about sexuality and gender, has a strong influence over politics, social life, and public opinion. However, most Italians agree that same-sex couples should be allowed to marry and that transgender people should be able to change their legal gender markers. 


Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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Human Rights Research

Since 1990, we have partnered with activists from all over the world to produce hundreds of groundbreaking reports.

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