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Country Overview

Turkey

At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?

Yes

Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?

Yes

Legal Gender Recognition Possible?

Yes

LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?

No

Actions Related to SOGI at the UN:

2016: Supported IE SOGI

2019:

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Same-sex relations are not criminalized in Turkey. Since the rise to power of current president Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the country has shifted gear from progress to increasing authoritarianism. Thousands of academics, opposition politicians, journalists, and civil society activists have been imprisoned in recent years. Civil society organizations have been shut down and expressions of freedom of assembly violently suppressed. LGBTIQ people have been a particular target in this increasing hostility. Large and very successful Pride marches took place in Istanbul for almost two decades. They have been banned and violently suppressed with tear-gas and rubber bullets since 2015. Pride marches in other parts of the country have also been banned and attacked with extreme force by law enforcement authorities. The Ankara governorship even issued a blanket ban on all LGBTIQ events (overturned in court in April 2019), and hate speech from authorities targeting LGBTIQ people has increased. Consequently, bias motivated violence against LGBTIQ people has also soared. Additional hostility towards LGBTIQ people is perpetuated by the dominance of Muslim faith in the country.

Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes, and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people on the continent.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Asia

Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.



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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Americas

Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Pacific

Our work in the Pacific aims to increase visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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Human Rights Research

Since 1990, we have partnered with activists from all over the world to produce hundreds of groundbreaking reports.

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