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Country Overview


At a glance

Same-sex Relations for Men Legal Throughout the Country?


Same-sex Relations for Women Legal Throughout the Country?


Legal Gender Recognition Possible?


LGBTI Orgs Able to Register?


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In Burundi, LGBTIQ people face high levels of harassment, discrimination, family rejection and stigmatization for their identities. Burundi criminalized same-sex sexual relations for the first time in 2009, with punishments of up to two years in prison and fines. People have been arrested for charges related to “homosexuality” and forced to pay exorbitant bribes to secure their release. LGBTIQ individuals have also faced arbitrary arrest and intimidation by police. In March 2023, there was a government crackdown on LGBTIQ people, with 24 people charged with same-sex sexual conduct. Government officials have publicly used anti-LGBTIQ rhetoric and denounced “homosexuality” as a “Western import.” There have been reports of government agents condoning and inciting violence against LGBTIQ people. Conversion practices intended to change LGBTIQ people’s sexualities and gender identities are a serious issue. Burundi also prohibits non-profit organizations from registering if they have objectives that contradict the law, and LGBTQ organizations have been rejected when they have tried to register.

Global Impact

Sub-Saharan Africa

Outright supports LGBTIQ organizations in Sub-Saharan Africa and works with mainstream human rights organizations to respect human rights and influence positive changes in laws, policies, attitudes and beliefs that cause discrimination against LGBTIQ people.

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United Nations

Our work at the United Nations centers around advocating for the advancement of the rights of LGBTIQ people.

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Our work in Asia promotes acceptance of sexual and gender diversity at all levels of society.

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Middle East and North Africa

In the Middle East and North Africa, we partner with local groups in various countries as part of our international solidarity work. We also work with our local partners on different topics through capacity building, advocacy, research and holistic security.

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Europe and Central Asia

Outright International partners with activists to fight for an end to human rights violations based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Central Asia, where most of our work involves emergency responses to harassment, discrimination, violence, and most recently, Russia’s brutal and expanded invasion of Ukraine.

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Our work in the Americas continues to build on the fundamental and positive transformation of human rights protections in recent years. We partner with groups in the Caribbean that focus on ending gender-based violence and eradicating discrimination against trans people.

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Our work in the Pacific aims to increase the visibility of activists, respond to human rights emergencies, and actively bridge local, regional, and international activism to achieve equality and justice.

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Human Rights Research

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