A Discussion Of Rainbow Anti-GBV Center's Working Models

Executive Summary

The Anti-Domestic Violence Law of the People’s Republic of China, which was adopted at the 18th session of the Standing Committee of the 12th National People’s Congress on December 21st, 2015, has been in force since March 1st, 2016.

To protect LGBT people from domestic violence, the Rainbow Anti-Gender Based Violence (GBV) Center was officially established on June 25th, 2016 in Beijing as the first anti-domestic violence center for LGBT people in mainland China. The Center aims to ensure that the provisions in the Anti-Domestic Violence Law are applied to cases of domestic violence against LGBT people. The Law is only the first step towards the institutionalization of anti-domestic violence protections.

The anti-domestic violence protection system is still being developed. Implementation specifications for the Anti-Domestic Violence Law do not include provisions specific to LGBT people, relevant resources are lacking, and intervention services are still in their infancy. The protection and support for LGBT people who experience domestic violence is challenging to obtain.

This report by Common Language reviews the work that the Rainbow Anti GBV Center has done since 2016 including its working models and summarizes lessons learned, in particular highlighting the experiences and challenges faced by individuals and organizations working on anti-domestic violence initiatives, especially in relation to LGBT people.

The work of the Rainbow Anti GBV Center has centered around three primary areas:

  • Legal advocacy for new legislation and improvement of existing laws and implementation policies against domestic violence to be explicitly inclusive of LGBT people;
  • Capacity building and awareness raising among LGBT community members and social workers to ensure seeking and provision of support;
  • Intervention in domestic violence cases and the provision of direct anti-domestic violence services to community members.

These activities are inter-connected and constitute the Rainbow Anti GBV Center’s framework for creating a domestic violence intervention system for LGBT people. The rationale of this framework is that positive outcomes of legal advocacy impact the policies and practices of anti-domestic violence service organizations, and it is through working with service providers that we can gather evidence of the challenges of providing domestic violence services for LGBT communities in order to carry out legal advocacy. Advancing LGBT community empowerment and awareness about domestic violence improves LGBT help-seeking for domestic violence. Training anti-domestic violence service organizations and social workers on domestic violence and LGBT issues advances professionalism to provide LGBT people with continuous support for dealing with domestic violence. The capacity building work inside and outside the LGBT community informs legal advocacy. In return, advocacy work informs the direction and the specifics of capacity building.