It’s safe to say that Sochi’s Olympic Village was not a LGBTIQ-friendly community. Especially if you compare it to PyeongChang’s Olympic Village that includes Gender Equality Support Centres and a Pride House in addition to standard facilities. In addition, Sochi had stories of protests around the Russian “propaganda of nontraditional sexual relationships” laws, and this Olympics has stories like, “On Valentine’s Day, meet LGBTQ Olympians in love” and “Meet the LGBT Olympians at the 2018 Winter Olympics”. Even the United States Vice President found himself getting shunned by U.S. Olympians because of his record on LGBTIQ rights.
While conservative and religious freedom movements have had a lot of visibility as well as influence, as seen from Bermuda to Indonesia, this Olympics is giving us a glimmer of hope by seeming to stand up for LGBTIQ human rights. How much of it is the host country? How much of it is the Olympians? As we come to the closing ceremonies this weekend, we are wondering, could the positive vibes of this Winter Olympics have lasting effects for South Korea’s LGBTIQ movement?
South Korea has never had laws prohibiting same-sex relations and LGBTIQ people have become much more visible in recent years. There are no anti-discrimination laws in place at a national level other than the National Human Rights Commission Action of 2001. The current president, Moon Jae-in, has stated though that he opposes homosexuality (“South Korea’s presidential frontrunner”, 2017).
Thankfully, progress towards more acceptance and the inclusion of protective laws is advancing. Many local governments in South Korea have anti-discrimination laws on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity in place while tolerance for homosexuality has been steadily increasing, up to nearly 50% by 2014 (Jiyoon, 2015). Another indicator of positive change is the growing success of Seoul’s pride parade each year. Since 2000, the capital city has hosted this event and in 2017, there were 85,000 attendees (Hyun-ju, 2017).
Even more headway is seen with the inclusion of, the first time in history, a National Olympic House being officially affiliated with Pride House in the Olympic Village. In the past, the South Korean LGBTIQ sporting community has found it difficult to generate awareness and support. South Korean LGBTIQ activists were also unable to raise sufficient funds for a stand-alone Pride House, but thanks to the help of the Canadian Olympic Committee, however, the Pride House was still able to be included within the games.
Candy Yun, a Korean LGBTIQ activist, responded to the current state of the LGBTIQ sports community and the process of organizing the Olympic Pride House, saying:
“In [South] Korea, the subject of LGBTIQ in the sport field have not been discussed much since the sport field itself is quite closed. So I would not say that it was easy to make people understand the concept of ‘welcoming’ LGBTIQ in the Olympics and to make a Pride House.”
There is hope, however, that the Pride House and accepting spirit of the Olympic Village will be a positive influence towards change.
Candy reflects on this and the future influence these winter games hold:
“Thanks to the Pride House, people come to notice the existence of LGBTIQ in the Olympics. And we hope that at least the athletes got to know that they will get enough support in the every step of the way of living as LGBTIQ athlete and of making any kind of decision as LGBTIQ.”
It’s certainly a step in the right direction for LGBTIQ athletes and a contribution towards acceptance and support.
With the closing ceremony for the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics this Sunday indicating the end for this year’s Pride House, the visibility of the Pride House, the many out athletes in this year’s Olympics, and the visibility that has followed will hopefully continue in future years.
Resources in South Korea
- [South] Korea Sexual-minority Culture and Rights Center: http://kscrc.org/xe/Information?ckattempt=1
- Article about sports and the LGBTIQ community: “Pyeongchang is the biggest contender of minority players, but” - http://www.hani.co.kr/arti/society/society_general/832208.html
- Out Leadership information on South Korea: http://outleadership.com/south-korea/
- Historical context by OutRight on South Korea: https://www.outrightinternational.org/region/republic-korea
Olympic Village resources
- Gender Equality Support Centre - the first time, there is an organized and advertised contingent of offices designed to help sexual assault victims at the Olympics venues http://5newsonline.com/2018/02/12/winter-olympics-feature-first-ever-cen...
- The Pride House (Sochi didn't have one) - the Pride House is a building in the village that’s a safe space for gay and lesbian athletes, their friends, family and supporters. https://www.cnn.com/2018/02/12/sport/canada-pride-house-trnd/index.html
- Safe Sex - condoms have been distributed to the athletes and are available throughout the two weeks https://www.cbssports.com/olympics/news/athletes-at-the-2018-winter-olym...
- Jiyoon, K. (2015). Over the Rainbow: Public Attitude toward LGBT in South Korea. The Asian Institute for Policy Studies. Accessed from: http://en.asaninst.org/contents/over-the-rainbow-public-attitude-toward-...
- Hyun-ju, O. (2017). [From the scene] Gay pride parade in Seoul draws record number. The Korea Herald. Accessed from:
- South Korea’s presidential frontrunner angers LGBT activists in televised debate (2017). Associated Press. Accessed from: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-04-26/south-koreas-presidential-frontrunner-angers-lgbt-activists/8474332
For the first time in history a National #Olympic House is officially affiliated with #PrideHouse. In #PyeongChang, the #Canada Olympic Committee joins #Korean Sexual Minority Culture and Rights Center and @pridehouse to offer a safe and welcoming space to #LGBT fans, athletes and allies. @Regranned from @2018pridehousegoldcoast - This is your house, no matter who you are or where you come from. Pyeongchang Begins... BRAVO #TeamCanada #CanadaHouse #Olympics #BeOlympic #WinterOlpmpics #PrideHousePyeongchang #WinterOlpmpics The Games Mascot #Soohorang #GC2018 #2018PHIGC #PrideInPractice #PyeongChang2018 PrideInPractice #PrideInSport #Inclusion #Biz4LGBT #PrideInDiversity #Biz4Equality #StandUpForHumanRights #2018PHIGC #GoldCoast #ModernCommonwealth #CommonwealthGames #ACON - #regrann
Published on February 22, 2018 | OutRight Action International an LGBT human rights organization